Day 33: A11y, UX, or Both?

Things I accomplished

What I learned today

Comparing accessibility and user experience, both have benefits for all, yet differ mostly by audience:

  • accessibility
    • audience: people with disabilities
    • intent: the targeted audience can perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with websites and tools (an equivalent user experience)
  • user experience
    • audience: anyone
    • intent: a product should be effective, efficient, and satisfying

Accessibility includes a more technical aspect (considerate of assistive technologies, for instance); UX is more principled in its approach.

Usable accessibility = a11y + UX.

Accessibility is just one aspect of the “universal web”.

Looking at accessibility a little closer, what makes a person disabled? We may think of someone with a disability as having a certified report by a doctor or proving an obvious physical or mental difference from our own. Yet disabilities are actually better defined as a conflict of a person’s ability with their environment. It puts us all on a spectrum, doesn’t it?

An accurate statement

“For people without disabilities, technology makes things convenient. For people with disabilities, it makes things possible.” – Judith Heumann, U.S. Department of Education’s Assistant Secretary of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

Factoid resource

  • Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996: Fueling the Creation of New Electronic Curbcuts
    A timeline of IT innovations built for someone with disabilities, but made its way into mainstream tech use. To my surprise: the typewriter!